Материал из База знаний
Solid wood is what it sounds like. It's a solid wood or solid pieces of wood glued together like the planks on the typical desktop. A solid wood is porous. Due to relative humidity and seasonal changes, solid hardwood furniture will expand and contract. Don't think me? Look at your wood desktop that is at least 48" long. Measure the length across the planks every couple of months. You'll be surprised how much the top moves. For that exact reason, the development of wood panels without any restriction needs to be considered when constructing solid hardwood furniture, otherwise warping will occur.
Wood veneer is constructed by layering thin slices of wood at right angles towards the adjacent layer. The result is a powerful, thick board that is warp resistant unlike a solid wood. Wood veneer is also used like a decorative touch to enhance the feel of furniture. That's how those intricate inlaid patterns are made. Wood veneer has been utilized in building furniture as far back as the ancient Egypt (5,000 years back). Ever look at antique furniture which costs $10,000 - $50,000 or even more a piece? How can you think those inlaid patterns or certain curved surfaces are made? They are created by using wood veneer. You heard right. Even your 18th Century antique furniture has wood veneer inside it.
The most popular misconception is the fact that veneer means inexpensive furniture. That's not the situation. Again, take a look at probably the most expensive furniture available, antique furniture. Ever consider the desk within the boardroom on Donald Trump's show Celebrity Apprentice? That's right that design on top of it is constructed using veneer. Now ask yourself if Mr . trump would use inferior products, especially an item that'll be featured on NBC every Sunday night. Sometimes it's difficult to make large panels, curved shapes, and intricate designs with wood only. Sometimes solid wood with a combination of wood veneer needs to be used. Solid hardwood is definitely an exceptional choice for furniture frames but veneer can be a better option for all those inlaid patterns and certain types of curved surfaces. A piece of furniture that utilizes both, wood and wood veneer can be and it is of great quality. So the next time someone tells you that a furniture piece is made with solid hardwood with veneers; you'll have a better understanding of what that exactly means.